The evaluation of physiological needs in the study of athletic abilities in tennis, an intermittent sport, presents many difficulties, especially when they are analyzed out of the realm of competition. The best way to monitor them is the match.
This research group studied physiological response during 10 matches performed by 20 players. They limited the match duration to 50 minutes and monitored maximum oxygen consumption and blood lactate, two fundamental parameters to assess exercise intensity. Average oxygen consumption (VO2) corresponds to about 50% of maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), while blood lactate does not reach high levels, as a results of the intermittent nature of tennis.
This data are brought about by the shortness of the rallies, about 6,4 seconds the average value of the 10 matches, and the effective playing time, less than 30% of the total; this results confirm the fundamental role played by aerobic metabolism for energy supply in tennis.
The authors noticed higher values of oxygen consumption in matches played by two defensive player which prefer playing from the baseline, while physiological parameters reach greater values during longer rallies.
On the basis of their results, the authors conclude that every tennis player require a specific conditioning but especially defensive players.
ORIGINAL ABSTRACT AVAILABLE AT:
Source: A Physiological Profile of Tennis match play
GERHARD SMEKAL, SERGE P. VON DUVILLARD, CLAUS RIHACEK, ROCHUS POKAN, PETER HOFMANN, RAMON BARON, HARALD TSCHAN, and NORBERT BACHL
Institute of Sports Sciences, Department of Sport Physiology of University Vienna, Vienna, AUSTRIA; Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND; and Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Graz, AUSTRIA
Written by Matteo Ponzano, graduated in Physical Education. For several years he has been an athletes and goalkeepers’ trainer and for three years he has trained goalkeepers from Torino Fc. Afterwards, he has worked as an tennis athletes’ trainer. Such sport is the main one he is dedicated to.
Qualifications and certificates
– Physical Trainer, FIT Level 2, since 2015
– TRX® Group Suspension Trainer since 2014
– DAN® BLS-D (Adult/Pediatric Care) Provider since 2014